Couch L Form

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Couch L Form

When discussing reflexive thinking, Couch identified four stages of socialization that transformed an infant to a human being, which included significant gestures, significant symbols, consciousness of self and consciousness of social structures. Couch also examined the sensory modes where individuals used to acquire information about their environment which included touch, discourse and appearance. Couch emphasized the importance of temporal structures in human action, and argued that human action was informed by the past, and structured by a projected future. In studying social acts, Couch provided anatomies of interpersonal accountability, bargaining and negotiation. Couch further extrapolated on the construction of social relationships including, parental, solidary, accountable, authoritative, romantic, exchanging, charismatic, tyrannical and representative relationships. Couch’s examinations of social processes and relationships are a constant diet for students in communication and sociology.
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Couch L Form

Couch’s thoughts were influenced by George Herbert Mead who was credited with the foundational elements of symbolic interactionism. While Mead focused his attention on answering the question, “How is society possible?”, Couch devoted his discussion to answer the question, “How is social interaction possible?” Dyadic interaction was the focus of attention in Couch’s scholarship. In addition, Couch emphasized the importance of temporal structures in social interaction. He was committed in observing how two or more individuals begin, maintain, and complete an act in any social context.
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Couch L Form

Couch was an influential scholar in symbolic interactionism, a theoretical approach that emphasized the agency of individuals in meaning making and reality creation. Couch, like other symbolic interactionists, rejected the idea that reality was readily made, rather, he believed that reality was constantly in the making via social interaction. Couch denounced the traditional positivistic model where human action was understood as responses to stimuli. Couch believed that humans engage in reflexive thinking, and do not simply react to basic instinct.
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Carl J. Couch (June 9, 1925 – September 15, 1994) a noted American sociologist, was the founder of the New Iowa School of Symbolic Interaction. He was also one of the founders of Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction. Couch’s key areas of scholarship include symbolic interactionism, New Iowa School of laboratory research, as well as information technologies. With the breadth of his works, Couch influenced researchers in various fields including sociology, communication, education, business, and psychology…etc.
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An important principle of Couch’s laboratory approach is to treat participants as intelligent agents who are able to anticipate, access each other’s intention, and act with intentionality. This emphasis on the reflexive thinking and willful acts of participants distinguishes Couch’s approach from traditional laboratory research where human subjects were only allowed to respond to stimuli, and not to interact. Based on this conception of participants, Couch instructed laboratory researchers to establish a context, assign identities, and provide a social objective for participants to interact in the laboratory. The context established is artificial in the way that it is created by the researcher to elicit the kind of social relationship under examination.
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Couch argued that information technologies are not neutral elements in the process of communication, and that different technological forms have consequences for forms of human experiences and social associations. Couch noted that media of communication have impacts on human experiences, independent of the content. However, he also stated that the interaction of the individuals and the overall social structures shape the effects of information technologies. Couch indicated that media per se does not produce or maintain social relationships. He believed that a more promising approach is to attempt to specify the interactive relationships among information, information technologies, and social relationships.
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A couch (American English), also known as a sofa or settee (British English) is a piece of furniture for seating three or more people in the form of a bench, with or without armrests, that is partially or entirely upholstered, and often fitted with springs and tailored cushions. Although a couch is used primarily for seating, it may be used for sleeping.
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In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the term couch is rarely used, the terms sofa or settee being more common. A furniture set consisting of a sofa with two matching chairs. is known as a „chesterfield suite“ or „living room suite.“ Also in the UK, the word chesterfield meant any couch in the 1900s, but now describes a deep buttoned sofa, usually made from leather, with arms and back of the same height. The first leather chesterfield sofa, with its distinctive deep buttoned, quilted leather upholstery and lower seat base, was commissioned by Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (1694–1773).
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Couch and associates designed a laboratory research to study social processes, utilizing audio video recording, known as the New Iowa School of Symbolic Interaction. Couch advocated the use of laboratory as it eliminates extraneous factors, and brings the research phenomena into focus. The laboratory as a controlled setting eliminates the interferences of unrelated factors that complicate the phenomena under examination. The laboratory setting magnifies selected features of social life and highlights the phenomena under investigation.
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In the laboratory, Couch instructed researchers to assign participants identities congruent to the context established. Couch advised that it is desirable to assign identities that are consistent or compatible with participants’ everyday identities. Individuals who align themselves with the management are assigned to play the managers, whereas people who are sympathetic to labor are assigned to play union leaders, in a research of workplace negotiation. The advantages of doing so include allowing participants to become more firmly situated in the context created, and also to have a better vocabulary for the enactment of identities assigned.
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Couch believed that information technologies and social structures are complexly interwoven, and emphasized the importance to examine the reciprocal relationships between information technologies and social structures. Couch’s works which span from ancient oralities, writing systems, printing, to broadcasting and the Internet, demonstrate how information technologies impact on social structures, and how social structures dictate technological changes.
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Couch’s works on symbolic interactionism have inspired his students to publish volumes on various topics including opening, temporal structure, patient-physician relationships …etc. Couch’s works on laboratory research have informed research on negotiation, parent-child relationships …etc. His works on information technologies have guided researchers in their studies of fan clubs, Walkman listening, eBay activities, and Usenet structures …etc.
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With little or no running background whatsoever, Couch to 5K will transform you from couch potato to regular runner—one that can even exceed 3.1 miles—in just two months. Though it may be tempting to run out ahead of your training plan, resist the urge. If the program feels too strenuous, just lengthen it. Patience is the key.
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Die „Couch L-Form“ stellt inzwischen den Einrichtungsstandard für viele Wohnzimmer dar. Das hat auch einen guten Grund, denn kaum ein Möbelstück ist derart bequem, wie ein hochwertiges Ecksofa. Durch die eingearbeitete Ecke entsteht eine besonders angenehme Wohnatmosphäre, die regelrecht zum Verweilen und Entspannen einlädt. Eine normale Couchgarnitur kann zwar flexibler im Wohnzimmer aufgestellt werden, sie bietet aber nicht denselben Wohlfühlfaktor, wie ein Sofa in L-Form.
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Other variants include the divan, the fainting couch (backless or partial-backed) and the canapé (an ornamental three-seater). To conserve space, some sofas double as beds in the form of sofa beds, daybeds, or futons.
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Kleine Sitzmöglichkeiten wie Sitzsäcke, Poufs und Bodenkissen lassen sich zudem auch einfach verschieben oder an anderen Stellen platzieren und sind auch in weiteren Räumen jederzeit einsatzbereit. Für eine entspannte Erweiterung der Wohnlandschaft und zusätzliche Sitzgelegenheit im ganzen Haus ist damit optimal gesorgt. Grenzen für die Erweiterung der „Couch L-Form“ werden lediglich durch die Größe des Zimmers gesetzt, in welchem diese ihren Platz finden soll. Das Ecksofa ist häufig so gemacht, dass ein 2-er Sofa durch eine Recamiere erweitert wird und so ein Ecksofa entsteht.
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And speaking of fireplaces, a wonderful idea is to use the L-shaped sofa to create a cozy seating arrangement in front of the fireplace. Add an armchair or a small couch, a coffee table in the middle and that’s all.
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The term couch is used in North America, South Africa and Australia whereas the terms sofa or settee (U and non-U) are generally used in the United Kingdom. The word originated in Middle English from the Old French noun couche, which derived from the verb meaning „to lie down“. It originally denoted an item of furniture for lying or sleeping on, somewhat like a chaise longue, but now refers to sofas in general.
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A couch consists of the frame, the padding and the covering. The frame is usually made of wood but can also be made of steel, plastic or laminated boards. The wood used under the upholstery is made from kiln-dried maple wood that is free of knots, bark or defects. The show wood of the legs, arms and back can be maple, mahogany, walnut or fruitwoods. Sofa padding is made from foam, down, feathers, fabric or a combination thereof. Sofa coverings are usually made out of soft leather, corduroy or linen fabric coverings.
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A distinct advantage of using audio-visual recording to study social interaction in the laboratory, according to Couch, is the ability of researchers to study social processes with precision. To study social processes requires researchers to describe the sequence of social interaction. It requires noting the sequential order of social events and specifying their formal qualities as well as their quantities.

10 Photos of the Couch L Form

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